Annals of Oxford.

Clock of the household, the sound of thy bell
Tells the hour, and to many 'tis all thou canst tell;
But to me thou canst preach with the tongue of a sage,
And whisper old tales from life's earliest page.



    Benjamin Moore, born October 19, 1776, in Massachusetts; died April 16, 1846, in Oxford; married in 1801, Margaret BELL, born July 20, 1784, in the Parish of Andworth, Galloway, Scotland; died February 9, 1845, in Oxford.

    Mr. and Mrs. Moore came to Oxford shortly after their marriage in 1801, while the country was yet wild and unbroken. They were obliged to follow "blazed" trees, and often were followed by a pack of howling wolves which they kept at a distance by carrying firebrands. Their early life was passed amid hardships and privations known to the pioneers of Chenango county, of which the present generation have no comprehension.

    Children, all born in Oxford:

    ELIZABETH, born July 29, 1802; died March 5, 1877; married Thomas ROOT.

    JOHN, born 1805; died September 2, 1880; married June 5, 1834, Mary Ann DODGE, whose death occurred December 17, 1889. He was familiarly known as Capt. John Moore, receiving his title form being a captain in the local militia. He was a man of remarkable business judgment, having accumulated what was considered in his day a large fortune. Children: Helen L., born October 5, 1835, died April 18, 1874, unmarried; George L., born June 17, 1840, died April 6, 1887, married February 22, 1881, Carrie DARLING of Guilford; Margaret Augusta, born January 2, 1851, died in childhood.

    WILLIAM, born January 30, 1808; died in infancy.

    BENJAMIN W., born June 8, 1813; died in infancy.

    CHARLES B., born February 2, 1814; died suddenly September 19, 1896, on the farm upon which he was born, now occupied by his son. Married October 28, 1841, Harriet N. DODGE, whose death occurred April 21, 1886. Mr. Moore held several town offices creditably and with ability, though he never sought political preferment. Child: Ward H., married Estella CHADDON.


In records that defy the tooth of time.
--- YOUNG.

Assessment Roll.


    The following memorandum is taken from assessment rolls of the town and shows the valuation of property as far back as 1807, or earlier, when the town was called Fayette:


    Garrett VAN WAGGONER, $600; Peter WHITESIDE, $900; JONATHAN LAWRENCE, $500; Samuel M. HOPKINS, $600; John QUACKINBOSS, $1860; George GROSSMAR, $2560.


    Andrew MITCHEL, $400; Robert GOSSMON, $680.


    HOYT, GOLD all that Lot of land With the Building there on, late the homestead of Thomas BUTLER, Esq., in the village of Oxford at the N. E. end of academy Square so called is bounded and decribed (sic) as follow, to wit: beginning at a point N. * * * along Main Street to TRACY's land * * * by Dan THROOP's land * * * to the place of beginning, being 2 A 2 R 10 P, be it more or less. Amen. So say you all.

    HOYT, GOLD, the large store and lots on which it stands on fort hill Square in said village, Being Lots No. 3 & 4, in a village allotment of Lot 92 in Fayette. Being each 50 feet L 7 & a half, $800.

    Assessment Roll of the Real and personal Estates in the town of Oxford, in the County of Chenango, Made the fourteenth Day of May in the year of our Lord, one thousand Eight hundred and Seven, By Reuben BRISTOL, Gurdon HEWITT, and Benjamin YALE, Assessors for Said Town:

    Ai BEARD, $750; James BENNET, $525; Peter BURGOT, $1900; Jonathan BALDWIN, $1500; Zepheniah EDDY, $400; Benjamite GREEN, $360; Hosea GOODSPEED, $50; Green HALL, $920.


Sink or swim, live or die, survive of perish, I give
my hand and heart to this vote.

Town Meeting, 1811.


    At the annual town meeting held at Perkins' Hotel on the first Tuesday of March, 1811, the following persons were chosen to fill the following offices: Isaac SHERWOOD, supervisor; Erastus PERKINS, town clerk; Samuel SMITH, Lyman IVES, Hiel TRACY, assessors; Daniel JOHNSON, Levi SHERWOOD, poor masters; Luther COWLES, Daniel TRACY, Asa GREGORY, commissioners of highways; Zalmon SMITH, Samuel SMITH, Alvan WOODWORTH, Silas HAVENS, Ira LOCKE, constables; Samuel SMITH, collector. The pathmasters chosen were: David RICHMOND, Abel GIBSON, Jr., Rufus PHELPS, Benjamite GREEN, Levi SHERWOOD, Alexander McNEIL, John NASH, Zalmon BARNUM, Archibald LINDSEY, Hewitt MILLS, Edward HACKETT, Jr., Gerrit BURGOT, Wilmot MUNSON, Henry GORDON, Ebenezer BELKNAP, Simon COOK, Augustus PARSONS, Elam YALE, Simeon PARKER, Thomas RICHMOND, John DODGE, Abraham PIER, Levi YALE, Gurdeon CHAMBERLAIN, Thomas ROOT, Roswell DRAKE, Kniffen WILSON, Elemuel CORNWELL, John ANSON, Daniel SMITH, Josiah HACKETT, Job WILCOX, William BENNETT, Asa SHERWOOD, Emmanus LOCKE, Gideon MEAD, Aaron ROOT, Asa HAVENS, Luther AUSTIN, James CURE, Solomon BUNDY, Roswell HOLMES, Eliphalet BRISTOL, James MUDGE, Jonathan GODFREY, Amos RICE, John CELY, Joseph WHITE, William CABLE, Samuel KENT, Samuel BALCOM. The fence viewers and pound keepers were: David TILLOTSON, Russel ROOT, Thomas ROOT, Isaac BOYCE, Joseph GIFFORD, Peter ESTEN, Roswell MORGAN, John NASH, Uriah YALE, Amasa COLEMAN, Amos BURLISON, James HAYES, Daniel JOHNSON, Samuel BALCOM, Andrew MILLER, Francis BALCOM, John HULL, John MILES, Daniel T. DICKINSON, Daniel WETHERBY. At this meeting it was

    Voted, that the Fence viewers be pound keepers for the present year.

    Voted, that every pound keeper's yard be considered as a sufficient pound.

    Voted, that the Fence viewers receive for their services six shillings a day.

    Voted, that Hogs, Horses, Mules, Jacks or Jennys shall not be free Commoners the present year, and every person taking either of them to pound shall be entitled to Twenty-five Cents a head.

    Voted, that no beast or tame animal of the four footed kind, shall be a free commoner between the first day of November and April within half a mile of any Store, Tavern, Grist or Saw mill under a penalty of Twenty-five Cents a head.

    Voted, that the owner of every Ram which is found running at large between the 10th day of September and the 10th day of November shall forfeit the sum of Two Dollars.

    Voted, that there be a bounty of Ten Dollars for each Wolf Scalp or Panther's caught within the bounds of this Town for the Present Year.

    A true record of the Proceedings of Town Meeting for the present Year.

Erastus PERKINS, Clerk.


But just as he began to tell,
The auld kirk-hammer strak the bell,
Some wee short hour ayout the twal,
Which raised us baith.
--- BURNS.

The Village Bell Ringer.

    The first bell in the county was placed in St. Paul's church in this village in 1818, and was rung for many years by an old man named Walter Dwight RUSSELL. He was a well known character, and rang the bell on all occasions, morning, noon and night, and for funerals, after which he struck the age of the deceased. He used to say that he knew when he was a mile away whether he was ringing the bell or not. His business was boring pump logs for water to be conveyed through the village. The following is a fac simile of an advertisement from a paper of that period, which gives an idea of the character of the "old sexton":


    The worthy inhabitants of the village of Oxford, who, for one long year, have heard the faithful and deep toned admonitions of the village bell, which reminds them of the hours of devotion, danger, rest, and refreshment, will, in their turn, please to salute my ears wth the jingle of their CASH. But if they neglect this call, I swear by the "hollow head and long tongue" of my sleep destroying instrument, that the Justice shall rattle his precepts, and the Constable ring a peel that shall make both their ears tingle.



When I was sick you gave me bitter pills.



    Dr. Levi P. Wagner was born in Georgetown, Madison county, in the year 1830. His early education was academic, on completing which he entered the Albany Medical College. Upon graduating he came to Oxford in Febuary, 1854, and commenced the practice of his profession in rooms now occupied by Dr. Chas. E. THOMPSON, dentist. He married January 15, 1857, in Franklin, N. Y. Mrs. Wagner was the daughter of Marcellus and Louisa (CHAMBERLAILN) SANDS. Bereft of her parents at an early period in her life, she came to Oxford and resided with her uncle, Dr. Wm. G. SANDS. Her education was completed at Oxford Academy. She died June 18, 1901, in Binghamton , while on a visit.

    Dr. Wagner after his marriage purchased the residence now known as the Congregational parsonage and moved his office thereto, where he remained until commissioned surgeon of the 114th Regt., N. Y. Vol., July 29, 1862, when he immediately entered upon his duties of the office. On the departure of the regiment for the seat of war, Dr. Wagner was presented by his townsmen with a revolver, and by the Masonic lodge with a sword. He remained with the regiment till SHERIDAN's great battle in the valley of the Shenandoah, when he was detached and put in charge of the Depot Field Hospital at Winchester, Va., of which he had entire control until April 1, 1865. Thereafter he had a important position on the staff of Gen. HANCOCK, which he held till his muster-out. After the close of the Civil war, becoming enamored of the Southern country, the doctor engaged extensively in cotton raising near Charleston, S. C., where he died on the 14th of October, 1872.

    During his residence in Oxford, Dr. Wagner, both in his profession and as a citizen, won a large share of the public respect and esteem, and in the more intimate relations of companion and friend, showed his more generous and excellent gifts of head and heart. Mrs. Wagner, with her sons, returned from the South after the death of her husband and made her home in Norwich. Children:

    WILLIAM SANDS, born August 23 ,1858, in Oxford; married November 24, 1890, Sarah SCOTT in Norwich. Resides at Syracuse.

    MAX, born March 14, 1867, in South Carolina; died October 1, 1900, near Panay, Island of Luzon; married Jennie MACEY, and had two children. Served in the United States signal service for six years and later in the government weather bureau at Washington. At the outbreak of the war with Spain he volunteered in the signal service and spent several months in Cuba and Porto Rico. At the close of the war he was honorably discharged from service. Soon after he accepted a lieutenant's commission and went to the Philipines in charge of the signal service with the 26th U. S. Vol. Infantry. Was killed in ambush by Filipinos, while en route from Jaro to Santa Barbara with Private LAMAREUX.

    MAUD, born September 21, 1868; died in infancy.

    CLEMENT S., twin to Maud, resides in Norwich, and is station agent at Lackawanna depot. Unmarried.

    FLORENCE, born in 1871; died in infancy.


In every rank, or great or small,
'Tis industry supports us all.
--- GAY.



    Albert C. Hovey, son of Simon Hovey of Guilford, N. Y., was born in that town April 17, 1827. His grandfather, who was an early settler in Guilford, was a brother of Gen. Benj. Hovey, the pioneer of Oxford who gave the town its name. Albert C. Hovey came to Oxford in the fall of 1860, and up to the time of his death, February 8, 1901, followed the occupation of a farmer. In politics he was an active worker in the Republican party, and for many years held the town office of assessor. He married (1) March 6, 1851, Mary L. SMALL of Millbury, Mass., born November 11, 1831; died July 31, 1858, in Millbury; married (2) January 2, 1859, Betsey Burton WOODRUFF, born June 22, 1825, in New Millford, Conn.; died October 1, 1901. Children, by first wife:

    HARRIET F., married Gerrit WHEELER. Children: Nora, married Seymour FLEMING; Emma, married Lee BIXBY.

    GEORGE A., died March 30, 1884; married (1) Julia WHEELER; married (2) Marilla HARTWELL. Children by second wife: Luella, married Homer PADGETT; Frank, married Bertha GILBERT; Ethel, married Alvin STEAD.

    HIRAM FRANK, in 1887 married Carrie E. GIFFORD of Oxford. He followed agricultural pursuits for many years and then moved into the village, where he now conducts an extensive livery business. He has been commissioner of highway and is now holding the office of deputy sheriff.

    WILLIAM A., married Anna DOOLITTLE.

    Child by second wife:

    MARY L., married Elroy V. SALISBURY, and resides on the homestead.


To tell again a tale once fully told.

A Wolf Hunt.


    In the winter of 1818-19 a wolf had its lair on Fitch Hill, three miles above this village, and sheep were missed nightly from the neighboring folds. Two young lads, Aaron B. GATES and Rathbone LEWIS, believing they could kill the beast left the schoolhouse on the east side of the river at noon one day and started in pursuit. The only weapon they had was a gun, which Gates carried. On reaching Fitch Hill these bold young hunters found under a pine root the hiding place of the wolf, but it had left and they followed the tracks until dark into the town of Preston, being unsuccessful in their search. They retraced their steps, but becoming tired and hungry stopped for the night with a hospitable neighbor. Next morning the boys were joined by a party of a dozen or more and again started in pursuit. Fresh tracks were found around the pine root, but the wolf was again missing and that day's hunt resulted as did the first. The chase was continued for more than a week, and on one of two occasions kept up through the night by some of the hunters, but still the wolf eluded them and killed a sheep every night. Horns were blown at intervals to enable those in pursuit to keep advised of their companions scattered among the hills and valleys. Major James McCALL of Preston, a great hunter, though rather portly, followed the trail three days on horseback. Finally the wolf was driven upon the flat below this village, managing though closely watched to elude the vigilance of those on guard, and ran upon the ice in the river, over the dam and under the bridge, making his escape in the direction of Pharsalia with the hunters closely following. Night coming on, a number of the party, including young Gates, halted at the log house of a Mr. POWELL, between East Pharsalia and the "Hook." They were hospitably entertained and early in the morning continued the pursuit, which was close to the chase. An old hunter named BREED, living near a large spruce swamp on what was then known as Moon Hill, hearing the horns of the approaching party, suspected the reason and watched; soon the wolf came in sight and was shot by him. The party, though disappointed at the result of the chase, determined to enjoy what was left of it, and placing the carcass in a sleigh drove to this village where a great time was had. They then went to Norwich, stopping at the Gates farm where another team was hitched to a large sleigh and the trophy of the chase placed in a conspicuous position. At that early day liquor was sold in nearly every store, and, as the delegation halted in front of each, liberal potations were handed out and many of the boys got quite mellow before the finish. Mr. Breed claimed the large bounty then offered on wolves and got it.


Independence Day, 1824.


"Id sooner ha' brewin' day and washin' day together than
one o' these pleasurin' days. There's no work so tirin' as
danglin' about an' starin', an' not rightly knowin' what you're
goin' to do next.

    In July, 1824, the anniversary of American Independence fell upon Sunday, but, notwithstanding this, the citizens were patriotic and held three celebrations on the following day. The Gazette of July 7, states:


    The anniversary of American Independence was celebrated in this village on Monday.

    At an early hour a large concourse of citizens of this, and the adjacent towns, assembled at Perkins' Hotel. Cpt. M'Call's troop of horse, and Capt. Glover's company of artillery, were paraded to united with the citizens in the proceedings of the day, and deserve much credit for their martial appearance and military evolutions. A numerous procession was formed and proceeded to the Presbyterian Church. When the procession was formed there appeared on the ground, Sixteen Revolutionary officers and soldiers-men who had braved the dangers of war to secure our country's freedom. They formed themselves into a hollow square, and Col. TRACY the marshal of the day, committed to their charge two national standards; which were borne by two of the veterans within the square. The sight of the colours under which they had fought and bled, and the sound of martial music, appeared to reanimate these old soldiers, they marched off the ground with military precision and firmness, in the full enjoyment of the blessings of Liberty and Independence. The exercises in the church were commenced by an impressive prayer, by the Rev. Mr. WICKHAM. A choir of singers, and a band of Instrumental music, are deserving of great praise, for the highly creditable manner in which they performed the national and patriotic airs, and other musick selected for the occasion.

    The Declaration of Independence was read by Mr. THORP, at the close of which he very eloquently eulogized the writer and the signers of that instrument.

    The Oration by Mr. ALLEN, was listened to with the most profound attention. The auditors awarded to him their full approbation of the sentiments advanced by him, and were highly gratified by his pathos and his eloquence.

    After the exercises at the church the procession again formed, and returned to the Hotel, where between 200 and 250 citizens sat down to an excellent dinner, provided by Mr. PERKINS.-After dinner, Toasts were drank, accompanied with the discharge of cannon and music by the band.


    In the afternoon upwards of 100 Ladies repaired to Doct. PACKER's Island with a band of Musick,and partook of refreshments prepared for the occasion. Towards evening a number of Gentlemen joined them and the day was closed in sociable conversation with much good feelings. Several Volunteer Toasts were given containing much sentiment, but which we are unable to publish for want of room.


    The third celebration was reported in the Gazette, as follows:


    The day was celebrated with unprecedented brilliancy, on the summit of the eminence in rear of E. CLARK's Hotel. Distinguished fellow citizens from the adjacent towns honored the day with their presence. Mr. Clark dined nearly 500 persons, and it was estimated that 1000 were present. --- It was truly a proud day, for freemen rich and poor. Several revolutionary veterans rallied around the proudly waving flag of liberty, and drank the memory of our much loved Washington.

    We select a few of the numerous Volunteer Toasts on the occasion:

    By a gentleman from Norwich:

    The Young freemen of Chenango opposed to Patent Gentlemen and mock drawing-room dignity.

    By a gentleman from Coventry:

    The Yeomanry of the United-States --- the tag-rags and bobtails, in the hour of doubt and peril their country's best defence.

    By a gentleman from Bainbridge:

    Our Farmers, Mechanics and Laborers --- in time of war, Soldiers.

    By a gentleman of Oxford:

    The Sowers of discord --- may they reap hemp well twisted.

    By a gentleman of Oxford:

    The officers and soldiers of our country --- May they never draw the sword without cause, nor sheath it without conquest.

    By a gentleman from Pharsalia:

    The American Fair --- They will never Surrender to any arms but those of Freemen.

    The Gazette of July 14, contains the following communication from the ladies:

    Mr. HUNT, The gentleman who furnished for your last week's paper the account of the celebration of the 4th July, at Perkins' Hotel in this village, connected with it also (inadvertently no doubt) the Ladies' celebration. The Ladies wish it to be distinctly understood that they were in no wise identified with either party, and they disclaim any newspaper plausibility calculated to mislead the public. They celebrated on "Cork Island" which has always been viewed as neutral ground. An invitation was given to all the reputable females within the precincts of the corporation, rich and poor. Indeed their primary object was to discountenance invidious distinctions in the celebration of public festivals.

    In the issue of the following week, Mr. Hunt states:

    It will be seen that on the anniversary of the day from which we date our freedom-two or three parties were got up to celebrate that event. We regret that on this occasion such animosities among citizens of a town should exist, as to prevent a strict unity of feeling and good will for each other-and we hesitate not to say, that if a deaf ear was turned to the voice of demagogues and designing men and that if every individual viewed mankind as they ought that all men are born free, equal, and independent, that no dissentions, no jealousies and animosities would exist, but that all would be peace, harmony and concord among us-and we hope that when another year shall roll around that we may be as united in celebrating as were our fathers in achieving our independence.


On the light of Liberty you saw arise the light of Peace.



    Samuel Baldwin, M. D., was born in November, 1756, in the town of Egremont, Berkshire County, Mass. At the age of 17 he was one of the drafted militia of his native State, and served in the Continental army at different periods thirteen months. In the year 1775 he was a "minute man," being called into active service soon after the battle of Lexington, on the 19th of April of that year. He joined the Continental troops at Boston, where he remained three months. In the following January he was one of the volunteers who marched into Canada, in prosecution of one of the most difficult and perilous enterprises undertaken during the Revolutionary contest. Besides suffering from an attack of the smallpox at Montreal, on his way to that place, he marched in one day sixty miles, on the ice of Lake Champlain. In the spring of 1777 the army, under General GATES, having been obliged to retreat before the combined British force of the North, Mr. Baldwin returend to Egremont much reduced and enfeebled by the hardships and privations which he had endured. He was drafted again in the following September, and once more joined the army under General Gates. He was present at the battle of Saratoga and witnessed one of the most important events of the Revolution, the surrender of BURGOYNE on the 17th of Ocotber, 1777. After this Mr. Baldwin devoted himself to study, and succeeded in acquiring a substantial education in the ordinary branches of English learning, together with a sufficient knowledge of the languages to enable him to begin the study of medicine. At the age of 28 he entered upon the practice of his profession in the town of West Stockbridge, Mass., where he continued for sixteen years, during which he was twice elected a Representative to the Legislature. In the year 1800, after the death of his wife, he removed to Wyoming, Pa., where he resided, with the exception of two years spent in Ohio, until he came to this village in 1819, where he spent the remainder of his life with his daughter, Mrs. Epaphras MILLER. He died September 2, 1842, aged 86.



    Milo Porter, born in 1808 in Waterbury, Conn., came in early youth to Smithville, when he came to Oxford and purchased the farm now owned by M. E. WOOSTER, near the W. R. C. Home. Mr. Porter resided upon this place forty-five years, or until his death, which occurred August 27, 1899. Mrs. Porter died August 5, 1889. Children:

    FIDELIA, married (1) Samuel A. SMALL, of Millbury, Mass.; married (2) Henry B. STONE, of Worcester, Mass, where she died in 1906.

    PAULINE, resides in Oxford; unmarried.

    WALKER, married Alice BRIZEE. Resides in Oxford.

    THEODORE L., died January 11, 1864, aged 14.


I have done the state some service, and they know it;
No more of that; I pray you, in your letters,
When you shall these unlucky deed relate,
Speak of me as I am; nothing extenuate,
Nor set down aught in malice.



    Nathaniel Locke came to Oxford as early as 1800, for he received the appointment of sheriff of Chenango County on the 12th of August, 1801, being the second person to hold that office in this county. He was also the second State senator from Chenango, serving four years from 1806, and was in the Assembly in 1810. Mr. Locke built the residence on Albany street, now occupied by Chas. W. BROWN, Esq. He married Mary HOVEY, daughter of Gen. Benjamin Hovey. His death occurred June 6, 1820, at the age of 54 years. Child:

    CHARLES FLOYD THOMAS LOCKE was born in Oxford and became a prominent citizen and business man. He served several terms as deputy sheriff, and in 1851 represented the town as supervisor, having been elected on the Whig ticket. He married in 1817. Addeliza WOOD, who died May 25, 1854, aged 57 years. His second marriage was to Mrs. Eliza A. WILLCOX of Oxford, May 27, 1855. Her death occurred October 31, 1856, at the age of 38 years. Early in 1857 he went on a visit to Omaha, and on his return was taken ill in St. Louis, where he died May 13. Mr. Locke was very popular in the community. A universal joker, he had a word for everybody and a curt reply for anything said to him. Whoever of his associates met him expected and received a return of real wit. He was one of the best hearted men, full of sympathy for the afflicted and an open hand for chartible purposes. Children by first wife:

    MARY G., born in 1818; died December 20, 1849, in Portsmouth, Ohio; married ---- SMITH.

    JOHN VAN NESS, born in 1820. He received the title of Major during his connection with a militia company in this village. In July, 1852, he went to California and his efforts in mining were favored by fortune. On the 17th of October of that year, while driving a loaded team between Stockton and the mines, the mules took fright and threw him to the ground, where the wheels of the wagon passed over him, terminating his existence. Married September 18, 1845, in Utica, Catherine Helen CLARIKE, born March 29, 1819, in Brookfield, N. Y. Children: Mary Elizabeth, married September 1, 1869, in Chicago, Edwin HANSON; residence, Denver. John Foote, residence, Denver. Child by second wife:

    HELEN, married Clarence R. MINER of Oxford.

I do remember an Apothecary,
And hereabouts he dwells.



    Dr. Samuel Ray Clarke, brother of Ethan Clarke, born in Brookfield, N. Y., November 6, 1800, came to Oxford and opened an office on the west side of the river where he practiced, and later carried on the drug business, with the exception of one or two short periods, until his death, which occurred June 1, 1860. Married Susan MAXON, daughter of Capt. William CHEEVER, Ocotober 15, 1827, at Oriskany, N. Y., who survived him but a short time, her death occurring on the 29th of October, 1860. Four sons were born to them. Dr. Clarke had, at different times, associated with him as partners in the drug business, E. G. BABCOCK, and from September, 1846, till June, 1847, Dr. George DOUGLAS. In April, 1856, he disposed of his stock of drugs and medicines to his sons William M. and Herbert R., who dissolved the copartnership in September, 1857, the former continuing the business till April, 1858, his store in the Clarke block having been burned in the preceding February, when Dr. Clarke again became proprietor. He was a man of very fair standing in his profession, a good citizen, generous, public spirited and hospitable. Their children were:

    HERBERT RAY CLARKE, born August 1, 1828, in Leonardsville, N. Y., married in Philadelphia, June 3, 1857, Mary WHITNEY, daughter of Eli Westcott BAILEY, died October 18, 1886, in Jersey City. Children: Herbert B., Fannie W., William H., Grace.

    WILLIAM HENRY CLARKE, born March 21, 1832, in Oxford; died at St. Paul, Minn., January 17, 1862; married in Greene, July 28, 1857, Julia McMAHON born in New Milford, Conn., September 5, 1836, died March 15, 1864, at Oxford. Had one child, Henry McMAHON, born May 8, 1860, died March 11, 1864.

    JAMES ORVILLE CLARKE, born May 11, 1836, at Oxford; married (1) July 11, 1860, Marie Louise, daughter of Dr. Austin and Jane (PERKINS) ROUSE of Oxford; married (2) March 17, 1881, Marian L., widow of Jacob WINANTS, and daughter of Chauncey and Rebecca DEVENDORF, at Savannah, Ga. Children by first wife: Fred Rouse, born April 17, 1861, at Oxford, died at Chicago, December 19, 1881; Charles Carter, born December 17, 1863 at Oxford, died April 17, 1894; Louise Maxson, born August 19, 1865, at Jersey City, married at Chicago, June 20, 1887, John HERBERT. Children by second wife: Alma Marian, born in Savannah, Ga., February 12, 1882; James Orville, born in Ocala, Fla., August 4, 1887; John Dunn, born in Ocala, Fla., September 28, 1889.

    SARAH CORNELIA CLARKE, born March 17, 1841; died September 26, 1842,

    GEORGE CHEEVER CLARKE, born January 11, 1844, in Oxford; married in 1871, in Mt. Vernon, Ohio., Clemmie, daughter of John Gershaw and Elizabeth (CURTIS) PLYMPTON, died July 17, 1886, in New York City. Children: Lizzie P., George H.

Everybody's family doctor was remarkably clever, and was
understood to have immeasurable skill in the management
and training of the most skittish or vicious diseases.



    Edward York, M. D., was born at North Stonington, Conn., August 26, 1797. He graduated at Yale Medical Schoool, and in 1824 went to McDonough, where in August, 1825, he married Lydia STRATTON. They lived for a time in East Smithville, now Tyner, he being the only physician that ever located there; then moved to Oxford, where his brother, Jeremiah York, and his sister, Mrs. Randall MAINE, were living. Here he beuilt a house on the west side of the river, but after about a year returned to McDonough and bought his father-in-law's farm, where he lived until about 1843, when failing health obliged him to give up both the farm and the practice of his profession. He moved to Oxford and bought a house on Mechanic street, where he died May 16, 1855. Mrs. York sold the homestead in 1877 and moved to Westfield, N. Y., to reside with her only son, George P. York. She died there on the 10th of February 1888, aged 80. Dr. York was fond of his profession, and in many of his ideas was in advance of the thought and practice of his time. He was a man of excellent character, but his timidity, resulting from a want of confidence in his abilities, unfitted him for the profession. Children:

    MINERVA, married Abel PATCHEN.
    MARY, unmarried.
    RACHEL, married Zacharias PADDOCK.
    GEORGE P., died August 19, 1888, in Westfield, aged 50; unmarried.
    MARIA, died January 26, 1855, aged 15.
    ACHSA, married Dr. William H. TANNER; died in August, 1904, at Waterbury, Conn.
    ALICE, unmarried.
    JENNY, married in 1873 J. Arthur SKINNER of Westfield, N. Y.




    Thomas Brown, whose death occurred April 2, 1848, at the age of 68 years, at an early day lived upon the farm now occupied by the Woman's Relief Corps Home. His wife, Rebecca JEWELL, who died June 8, 1843, at the age of 58 years, was a sister of Gilbert Jewell, a well known farmer of North Guilford, (born October 12, 1794; died June 16, 1876). Mr. Brown was a builder of bridges and mills, and was associated with Theodore BURR, a prominent bridge builder in the early days of this town. He built the long bridge at Sunbury, Pa., over the Susquehanna river, and it was there while engaged in this work his daughter, Sarah J., who married Levi NICHOLS, was born. His son, George T. Brown, who resided at the head of Albany street, died, April 16, 1882. Sarah, his wife, died January 7, 1892. His other children were: Alpheus, Gurdon, and William. Mrs. Brown was a daughter of Elisha Jewell of Trenton, N. J., who owned a stage coach line running between Trenton and New York and Philadelphia.

Thou know'st that all my fortunes are at sea.



    The following record of the Hatch family in this country begins with Elisha Hatch, born in 1689, the record not giving his birth place. He died April 15, 1770, in Green River, Columbia, county, N. Y.

    Among his children was Samuel, born June --, 1720, in Rhode Island; died April 30, 1797, in Hillsdale, N. Y. He was a sea captain and his mate was John SWEET, and the two owned the vessel they cruised in. After the death of Sweet, Captain Hatch married the widow of his mate. Captain Hatch followed the sea forty years, and then bought a farm in Hillsdale. Children:

    SAMUEL, was drowned while at sea with his father. The body was recovered and buried at Hadam, Conn. At one time he was with a shipwrecked crew, and they were several days without food. Finally one night, becoming desperate from hunger, they resolved that the next day they would draw lots to decide who should be sacrificed to save the lives of the remainder of the crew. But when morning dawned a vessel appeared, which rescued them from their perilous position and from the horrible ordeal they had planned to put in practice but a few hours before. At another time his crew were taken by the Morgans and they again suffered for lack of food, but for not as long a period.

    JOHN, born May 4, 1761; was drowned July 26, 1839, in the Chenango river at South Oxford; married March 22, 1790, Martha BASSETT, died June 3, 1850, in Oxford, aged 86 years. John was the only heir to his father's (Captain Samuel Hatch's) property in Hillsdale, which was a part of the VanRENSSELAER claim. When the court decided it belonged to VanRensselaer John was left with scarcely anything, and moved to Oxford, where he bought land three milieus below the village, upon which he remained until his death. Children:

    HANNAH, born May 11, 1791; died in childhood at Hillsdale.

    SAMUEL, born October 13, 1792, at Hillsdale.

    JOHN S., born July 26, 1794, at Hillsdale; died of fever and ague February 13, 1846, in Oxford; married January 1, 1834, Irene KILBOURN, born March 30, 1815, at Hawley, Mass. Child: Thomas J., born October 28, 1834, in Oxford; married Mary E. SCOVILLE at Mt. Morris, N. Y.; (children, John S., Ida J., Orra, Ira M.). Jane Eliza, born October 29, 1836, at Oxford; married March 7, 1854, A. D. SNYDER, at Cuba, N. Y.; (children, Allen, Ivan, Ethel, died January --, 1892; Evelyn, married Walter P. BONAME of Oxford; died February --, 1894; child, William). Francis Irene, born April 26, 1844, in Oxford; married William KELLAR October 18, 1863, at Cuba, N. Y.

    SALLY, born May 16, 1796, at Hillsdale; died January 17, 1892, in Oxford; married (1) John I. POWERS; married (2) Shubel BLISS.

    CHARLES C., born March 10, 1798, at Hillsdale.

    HANNAH, 2d born December 1, 1801, at Hillsdale; died August 19, 1875, in Oxford; married September 11, 1832, Ira MERRILL in Oxford, born November 10, 1806, in Waterbury, Conn. Ira Merrill's second wife was Mrs. Irene HATCH, widow of John S. (Children of Hannah and Ira: Martha, born October 31, 1833; died September 23, 1864; married November 29, 1854, Edgar HULL. Evalina, born April 23, 1836; died January 13, 1854. Mary M., born November 29, 1839; died April 10, 1870.)

    MARGARET, born January 12, 1803, at Hillsdale, N.Y.; died June 14, 1883, in Oxford; married September 9, 1833, Benjamin R. BARBER of Oxford, born November 11, 1802; died November 9, 1891. Children: Charles Oscar, born December 4, 1834, in Oxford; married in 1857 Celinda O. FINCH; fitted himself for a teacher; was in Civil war, after which located in Kansas. Sarah, born June 2, 1837, in Oxford; died March 22, 1901, in Oxford; unmarried. Irene, born February 29, 1840; married (1) John LORD of Oxford; (2) George SALVAGE of Bolivar, N. Y., where she resides. Thomas A., born March 9, 1843; during Civil war enlisted in 89th N. Y. S. Regt. in August, 1861; wounded December --, 1862, and after several months in hospital was discharged and returned home May 20, 1863; died July 29, 1863. John W., born July 28, 1846; died August 20, 1848.

    THOMAS, born March 29, 1806, in Hillsdale, N.Y.; died October 3, 1829, in New Troy, Pa.


Labour, wide as the earth, has its summit in heaven.



    William Lett, born in 1820 at Timacross, County Wexford, Ireland; died December 9, 1895, in Oxford; married in 1845 Catherine, daughter of Edward D'Aracy and Barbara Kirkman (HODGES) CLIFFORD of Ashfield and Castle Annesley, County Wexford, Ireland. They left the "Green Isle" in 1851 and after a long and tedious voyage arrived in America and located in Oxford. Mrs. Lett was born in 1830 and with two daughters still resides in Oxford. Mr. Lett was an industrious and persevering man, and in a short time was able to provide a comfortable home for his family. He assisted in laying out Riverview cemetery and lived to see a large majority of his early acquaintances taken their (sic) for their final rest. In later years he twice visited his native land, but still found a fond affection for his adopted country. Children:

    ELIZABETH, a sister in the Loreto Convent, Gary, Ireland.
    RICHARD, went to Texas, and nothing heard from him in years.
    CHARLES, died March 10, 1906, in Oxford.
    MARGARET J., married Thomas NOWLAN of Binghamton. Since his death has resided in Oxford.
    Sarah F., unmarried.


Only the Actions of the just
Smell sweet and blossom in the dust.



    William E. Chapman was born in Ithaca May 10, 1806. His mother died when he was young and the family was quite broken up. Mr. Chapman went to New York, learned the printer's trade and spent several years there with the HARPERs, who thought very much of him. He became a member of the "Marine Temperance Society of the Port of New York," and was an earnest, faithful worker in the temperance cause the rest of his life. He came to Oxford about the year 1828, and on the 10th of December of that year, with Daniel MACK, purchased the Chenango Republican, then published in this village by Benjamin CORRY. On March 3, 1831, Mr. Chapman and T. T. FLAGLER commenced a new series and soon after changed the name to The Oxford Republican. In 1838 Mr. Chapman became sole proprietor and continued in the business of publisher, and also conducted a book store for a few years, when he sold to J. Taylor BRADT, and purchased the farm now owned and occupied by O. M. WESTOVER. After several years upon the farm he retired from active business pursuits and returned to the village to spend his remaining days.

    Mr. Chapman was a consistent member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and had witnessed its growth in this village from the erection of the first edifice, and was actively identified with its welfare through his long and worthy life. For more than ten years he was a member of the Board of Trustees of Oxford Academy. In his life he manifested the qualities of the good citizen, the kind neighbor, and steadfast friend and patron of the religious and educational interest of the community. His death occurred August 21, 1887, at the age of 81 years. Mr. Chapman was twice married. His first wife was Harriet SELLICK, who died June 19, 1829, leaving three daughters and one son:

    EMILY, married David C. BRONSON, and died in 1872. Children: William C., married Ella E. PAINTER; has one daughter, Mrs. E. W. TALLMAN. Henry W., married Carrie WILTSIE; has one daughter, Imogene. Carrie J., died in 1857. Addie T., married John TYLER.

    HARRIET ELIZABETH, still resides in Oxford; married Henry B. WILLCOX, now deceased.

    THOMAS E., was a member of the 44th N. Y. Cavalry during the Civil war, and now a member of the G. A. R.; married (1) S. Arline WESTOVER; married (2) Ida M. BRIDLEBOUGH. Children by first wife: Clarence W., married Maggie C. CARTER; have one son, Stuart R. Alice May.

    ARMINTA M., married Charles W. MILES, and died at Saratoga February 23, 1881. Had one son, C. Grosvenor, now living in New York.

    Mr. Chapman's second wife was Sarah L., daughter of Rev. Peter LOWE, born at Flatbush, L. I., in 1804, and died in Oxford January 19, 1887, aged 82. She was a sister of Mrs. Gerardus VANDERLYN, came here in 1829 and was married to Mr. Chapman in April 1840. Had one daughter:

    SARAH ELIZA, married Osmer M. WESTOVER.


Our country! In her intercourse with foreign nations, may she
always be in the right; but our country, right or wrong.

Independence Day, 1852.


    Oxford has been famous in times past for its Cork Island duel, the great Greek ball, and the celebrated Bridge bee. Matters of so much notoriety as to have found their way into the history of the county. We now place before our readers a description of the Fourth of July celebration in 1852, which was carried out in the good old fashioned way.

    Thirteen guns saluted the rising sun, and the merry peal of the village bells fell harmoniously upon the waking senses of our citizens. Long before the hour assigned for the commencement of the exercises a larger gathering than had ever before assembled in our town had congregated upon Lafayette Square. The Oxford Guards, led by Colonel John C. BOWERS, were out in all their glory, and full of the original spirit. The members of the Fire Company, in neat and uniform dress, with Niagara engine decorated with flowers, also took part in the exercises. At 10 o'clock the procession formed in front of the Stage House, Major Samuel A. GIFFORD acting as marshal and Colonel Solomon BUNDY as assistant and moved to Washington Square, marching to the stirring sound of martial music. Then, after an eloquent prayer by the Rev. S. Hanson COXE, and music by the Gilbertsville Brass Band, the Declaration of Independence was read by Benjamin SHERWOOD, Esq. An exceedingly appropriate oration was then pronounced by James W. GLOVER, Esq., who adorned its close by a graceful and elegant address to a surviving soldier of the Revolution, present upon the platform, Mr. Ebenezer TERRY of Guilford, aged 99.

    During its delivery a wagon fantastically decorated and filled with some dozen young men, evidently bound on a spree, entered the village from the north. As it advanced they struck up a lively air, discoursing music from tinhorns, old pans, drums, and cowbells. Proceeding to the ground where the exercises were in progress, it was evident that a disturbance was contemplated. They were warned not to go on the ground, but not heeding the kindly warning, their vehicle was suddenly arrested in its progress, the music silenced, the instruments abandoned, and the serenading party, driving their detached horses before them, beat a precipitate retreat and disappeared in a sorry plight in the direction from which they came. Their wagon found a calm retreat in the waters of the Chenango. The incident furnished material for many humorous jokes, and will explain some allusions made at the feast.

    At the close of the oration three enthusiastic cheers were given for the reader and the orator. The benediction was pronounced by the Rev. Henry CALLAHAN. Cheered by a lively piece from the band, the procession again formed and marched to LaFayette Square, where beneath the shade of a pleasant arbor a sumptuous dinner was prepared. An ox had been roasted whole for the occasion, and 520 persons sat down to the entertainment. Great numbers were unable to obtain seats at the table and dined at the hotels. After the cloth was removed the thirteen regular toasts were called for, each one being followed by three hearty cheers, one gun, and music by the band. The following toasts were then given:

    By David BROWN, President of the day. --- Generals SCOTT and PIERCE; Each leading a great army to battle. May the fight be an honorable one; and may the vanquished party render cheerful obedience to the rule of the victors.

    Received with three hearty cheers.

    By Ransom BALCOM, Esq. --- The Orator and Reader of the Day: Not like prophets who are without honor in their own country --- their talents are properly appreciated at home.

    To this Henry S. MONROE responded. He arose amid tremendous cheers and made a most brilliant and effective speech. He alluded in the most felicitous terms to the sacrificing of the ox, and to the artist who had rendered him immortal. He spoke of the glory and recollections of the day, and paid a high compliment to the patriotism of the citizens of Oxford. At the close of a most judicious and entertaining speech he presented:

    The name of Ransom Balcom: The true Patriot, the distinguished Advocate, and the gifted Artist. (Mr. Balcom engraved the cut representing the ox upon the bills.)

    Six cheers were given and Mr. Balcom was loudly called for. His response was eloquent and patriotic. He alluded to the fact that Oxford was the only place in the county when an ox had ever been roasted whole. He said in olden times a certain people made a golden calf, which they could not eat, but worshipped; that the citizens of this place, discarding the ancient example set them, had slaughtered an ox, which they roasted whole and fed to the multitude. The calf of olden time was only food for the eye, whereas the ox of to-day was food for the stomach. There was no artist who had given us a picture of the golden calf, but if his friend (Monroe) was to be credited, there was one who had furnished a cut for the roasted ox, and had thus rendered the real four-footed beast of the day immortal. His speech throughout was exceedingly appropriate to the occasion.

    William H. HYDE was called upon. He said that he was forcibly reminded by the carniverous visit of certain ill-disposed persons of a historic reminiscence quite in point. After the destruction of Troy by the Greeks, and when Aneas and his companions, after long wanderings, had landed upon the Strophades and spread on the shore their tables for a repast, the Harpies, flying monsters, attracted by the savory viands, flew down and stripped the tables. We had received a similar visit, but thanks to a few gallant patriots, our tables are unharmed-our noble ox was untouched. We do not blame them very much. A strong southern breeze wafted the savor of beef northward. They had had no beef for many weeks, and through their streets rang beef! beef! beef! Unlike the Harpies, they left their feathers behind them, and got no beef. If they will send down that wagon we will send them a bone. He closed with the following toast:

    The Harpies who hovered around our Ox: If their impudence continues to keep pace with their rapacity, we hope soon to be taxed for a jail enlargment.

    Three tremendous cheers followed.

    S. BUNDY then presented the banner which the "Harpies: had hoisted upon their ill-fated vehicle when entering the town, which was captured by one of the gallant Oxford Guards, accompanied by the following:

    The unwelcome Delegation from the North: Behold, their once proud banner has become the plucked feathers of the "Harpies".

    G. H. PERKINS, after a few appropriate remarks gave the following toast, which was drank standing and in silence:

    The memory of Henry CLAY: As his life was an emblem of the progress, success, and glory of our country --- the recollections of his life will grow dearer to every true-hearted American. (Henry Clay died June 29, 1852.)

So when the great and good go down,
Their statues shall arise
To crowd those temples of our own,
Our fadeless memories.

    By James W. GLOVER --- Hungary and Ireland --- deserving to be added to the catalogue of independent nations; may a day like this soon be theirs.

    By T. S. PACKER --- The Oxford Firemen. They will never be able to throw water enough, even through their extra 100 feet of hose, to quench the fires of their patriotism.

    By Wm. H. HAMILTON --- The Fair of our County. Unlike our County Fair, for the reason that the largest does not always take the preference.

    By James COLEY --- The Ox roasted here to-day: his has been the unusual and distinguished honor of being sacrificed in the cause of liberty.

    By a Guest --- Captain Frederick HOPKINS: The last survivor of Revolutionary times in Oxford. Would that Providence might prolong his days in comfortable health, with the power, fairy-like, never to grow older until the Fourth of July shall cease to be celebrated by the American people.

    The best feeling prevailed at the table, and the toasts were drunk amid the most patriotic demonstrations. In the evening there was an exhibition of fireworks, including the throwing of fireballs, which were large balls of cotton soaked in camphene, lighted and hastily thrown from one direction to another until burned out.

Of manners gentle, of affections mild;
In wit a man, simplicity a child.
--- POPE.



    Among the early settlers in the eastern part of the town was George Stone, who emigrated from Foster, R. I., in 1827, where he was born in 1788. He, with his wife and four sons, the eldest eleven years of age, came with an ox team over a rough road, traveling many days on the way through an unbroken wilderness, encountering many a wolf, panther, and other wild beasts. He bought a farm of Joshua WHITE, which was partly cleared and had a small frame house, and

"A rusty-gray curb, round a rugged stone well,
Where with dangle of bucket the sweep rose and fell."

    Here Mr. Stone passed the remainder of his days, dying Mary 14, 1839. He married in 1813 Naomia BENNETT, born in 1788, and died February 10, 1835, in Oxford. Children:

    GEORGE W., married Jane STRATTON and settled in Pennsylvania.

    JONATHAN, married Minerva PRICE and settled in Illinois.

    ZEBULON, died in Oxford; unmarried.

    JOSHUA B., born October 11, 1816, in Foster, R. I.; died December 26, 1867, in Oxford; married February 5 ,1840, Anna MATTESON, born August 26, 1813, in Otsego county; died April 26, 1895, in Oxford. Mr. Stone remained on the homestead, and the same farm is now owned by his son, Charles, having been in the family well toward one hundred years. Three years after her husband's death, Mrs. Stone married Lewis B. ANDERSON. Believing in early life that she had a special work to do for God and humanity, for nearly half a century she devoted her life to that purpose. She often conducted services in the Free Will Baptist Church in East Oxford and was a preacher of more than ordinary ability. She had lived in that vicinity nearly sixty years, and her kindly ways and social disposition gained for her friends from all stations of life.

    Children of Joshua B. and Anna (MATTESON) Stone: MARY C., married December 27, 1859, Joseph T. TURNER of Oxford. CHARLES M., married October 21, 1874, Ada SMITH of Oxford. (Children: Jessie, married Jesse JACOBS of South Oxford.; Anna, married Irving McNITT of South Oxford, and resides in Norwich.) Mr. Stone has been supervisor of the town two terms. He has been prominent in town politics and is an influential and able member of the Republican organization. JENNIE F., married O. A. CAMPBELL of Brooklyn. GEORGE H., married Grace BEEBE of Marathon and resides in Tacoma, Wash. JESSIE F., died August 12, 1874, aged 17.


List; a brief tale.

Visited by Indians.


    In 1826 there lived near the western part of the town Richard HOLDRIDGE, a hatter by trade, and he also taught the school in that neighborhood. One morning he arose early and finished a bonnet that a neighboring housewife had ordered, and then proceeded to the school house.

    Mrs. Holdridge and baby were alone in the little house and while busily engaged about her household duties was startled by the opening of the door and the entrance of a number of Indian. Among them was a squaw, who, seeing the infant at play on the floor, picked it up tenderly and chanted an Indian lullaby. Mrs. Holdridge was now greatly alarmed as she thought her baby was to be taken from her, but soon saw tears trickling down the dusty face of the squaw, who by gestures indicated that she had recently lost her papoose, and that Mrs. Holdridge need feel no alarm as the little one would not be harmed for taken away.

    In the meantime the remainder of the party had made a tour of inspection in the little house, and among all the articles they inspected the new bonnet was the only thing that really caught their eye. The chief, or leader of the party, who was tall and very stout, approached Mrs. Holdridge, and with the bonnet in his hand exclaimed, "Me want this!" She endeavored to explain that it was not her property and could not give it away, but to no purpose, and reluctantly granted the request, rather than have them make further search in the house for articles that could not be as easily replaced. The unwelcome guests soon departed with the chief in the lead wearing the odd headgear with much sedateness and pride.


The' unwieldy elephant,
To make them mirth, us'd all his might, and wreathed
His little probocis.

Early Exhibitions.


    One of the first exhibitions of wild animals to appear in Oxford was held in the hotel barns in August, 1822. In one barn was a large African Lion and a monkey; in the other was a leopard, tiger and monkey. It was the town talk for many a day and but few missed the wonderful sight brought to their doors by the caravan. The following announcement appeared in the Oxford Gazette:




    With several smaller ANIMALS, to be seen at Mr. CLARK's hotel in Oxford, on Saturday the 24th and Monday the 26th of August. Hours of exhibition from 9 o'clock in the morning until 5 in the evening --- with good music on an Organ. --- Admittance 12 1-2 cents, children half price.




with several smaller Animals, also to be seen at the same time and place as above --- with good music on different instruments.-Admittance 12 1-2 cents, children half price.

    The first theatrical troup that came to this village was the Walsteins in September, 1823. The performance was given on Fort Hill in an old store, situated between the brick block and the building now occupied by the Memorial library. The building was then used as a Lancasterian School, in those primitive days of the scholastic reign of Joseph LANCASTER. It was a huge barn-like, unpainted barracks. The stage and its gaudy decorations were fitted up for a week's campaign. The following is the advertisement taken from the Gazette:




    MR. & MRS. WALSTEIN, (late Mrs. Baldwin, of the London and New York Theatres,) have the honour respectfully to announce to the inhabitants of Oxford and its vicinity, their intention of performing with a Theatrical Party, at Fort Hill Old Store, this evening, Sept. 24, when will be presented the celebrated Comedy of


Or, the Castle of De Limburg.

After which the following Vocal Entertainments:

A favourite Hunting Song, byMrs. Walstein,
"Barney leave the Girls alone,"Mr. Gilbert,
"The Hayband"-a Yorkshire Song,Clarendon,
"Five to One, or the Rival Lovers,"Walstein.

To conclude with the celebrated Comic Opera of the


    TICKETS twenty-five cents, to be had at Mr. Clark's Bar, & Mr. THROOP's Office. --- Doors open at seven, and curtain to rise at half after seven. --- Front seats reserved for the Ladies.

    The following advertisement from the Gazette of June 25, 1823, announces the appearance of an elephant, probably the first that was ever exhibited in this town. A single elephant at that time excited more interest than the droves that circus companies own at the present day, and, probably, the small boy with those of a larger growth, were up early in the morning to welcome the great pachydermatous mammalia and later, to witness the "sagacious animal draw a cork from a well filled bottle and drink the contents" --- a feat that, undoubtedly, many of the patrons imitated successfully, and accounts for the custom that is kept up to this day on public occasions, and especially when Barnum with his "Greatest Show on Earth" invades the country:


Of A Natural Curiosity,



    TO be seen at Clark's Tavern, in the village of Oxford, on Friday and Saturday, the 4th and 5th of July, 1823.

    This wonderful Animal, which for Sagacity and Docility exceeds any one ever imported into this country, will go through her astonishing performances, which have excited the admiration of every beholder.

    The Elephant is not only the largest and most sagacious animal in the world, but from the peculiar manner in which it takes its food and drink of every kind with its trunk, is acknowledged to be one of the GREATEST NATURAL CURIOSITIES, every offered to the public.

    She is nearly 8 feet high, 20 feet from the end of her trunk to that of her tail, 12 feet 6 inches round her body, 3 feet 9 inches round her legs, 3 feet 6 inches round her feet, and is judged to weight between SIX & SEVEN THOUSAND POUNDS.

    Some of the amusing exercises of this animal, are, to kneel to the company, balance her body alternately on each pair of legs, present her right foot to enable her keeper or any other person to mount her trunk, carry them about the room and safely replace them, draw a cork from a filled bottle and drink the contents, and then present the empty bottle and cork to her keeper. She will lie down, sit up, and rise at command, bows and whistles at request, answers to the call of her keeper, she takes from the floor a small piece of money with her trunk and returns it to her keeper besides many other marks of sagacity. Those wishing to gratify their curiosity, may now have an opportunity.

    Music on the ancient Jewish Symbal.

    Admittance 12 1-2 Cents, Children under 12, half-price. Hours of exhibition from 9 in the morning until 5 in the evening.


Alike all ages: dames of ancient days
Have led their children through the mirthful maze;
And the gay grandsire skill'd in gestic lore,
Has frisk'd beneath the burden of threescore.

Grand Ball.


    In the year 1823 the sympathies of the citizens of Oxford were aroused by the revolution progressing in Greece. Her people had long suffered from oppression and cruelties imposed by the Turks living among them, who little expected that the time of retribution was at hand. As the Greeks became enlightened by contact with the world at large they chafed under the tyranny of their oppressors and resolved to throw off the yoke of the Moslems. They organized a secret society whose members were solemnly pledged to fight for the emancipation of their country. When the signal was given for the rebellion to begin there was a general response throughout all Greece. The spirit of Miltiades and Leonidas possessed them. The uprising became so serious that the Turks resorted to the most extreme cruelties in their defence; churches were pillaged and hundreds of priests slain, while men, women and children were massacred, and towns ruined and given to their flames; the monuments of Grecian glory were trampled beneath the feet of the merciless Moslem. Our people were anxious to assist in relieving such sufferings, and devised a plan for a Greek Ball, for which the price of tickets was to be three dollars and the balance above expenses should be given to the Greeks. A meeting was called and the accompanying minutes prepared:

    At a meeting of the Officers of the 32d Brigade of Infantry, and 16th Regiment of Artillery, held at the Hotel of E. CLARK, in the village of Oxford, on Saturday the 20th day of December, 1823, Brigadier Gen. Ransom RATHBONE was called to the chair, and Lieut. Col. S. G. THROOP, of the 16th Reg. of Artillery, appointed Secretary.

    Resolved, That we view with painful anxiety the glorious struggle now making by the Greeks, to emancipate themselves from OTTOMAN OPPRESSION, and once more gain a footing among the nations of the earth. With a view to aid them in their Patriotick Struggle, and at the same commemorate an event no less honourable to American arms, than interesting to the Nation ---

    Resolved, That a MILITARY BALL be given on the evening of the 8th of January next, at the hotel of Ethan CLARK, in the village of Oxford, in commemorating of the glorious victory obtained by the gallant Gen. Andrew Jackson and the Militia under his command, in his defence of New-Orleans; and that the surplus funds arising from said Ball, be appropriated for the benefit of the Greeks.

    Resolved, That a committee of arrangement be appointed, including the Chairman and Secretary.

    Resolved, That Gen. R. Rathbone be appointed Treasurer.


    Ransom RATHBONE, Brig. General 32d brigade Infantry.
    S. G. THROOP, Lieut. Col. 16th Reg. Artillery of St. N. Y.
    A. C. WELCH, Col. of the 190th Reg. Infantry.
    John NOYES, Jr. Col. of the 105th Reg. Infantry.
    Elijah RATHBONE, Col. of 133 do.
    Joseph JULIAND, Lt. Col. do. do.
    Robert MONELL, Brigade Maj. 32d Brigade Infantry.
    R. VanWAGENEN, Brigade 2d Major do do.
    A. C. GRISWOLD, Aidecamp.
    George FARNHAM, Adjutant.
    S. G. THROOP, Sec'y.

    The youth and beauty of the town and country about assembled in force, under the auspices of the distinguished array of names which formed the military committee, full of enthusiasm in view of combining the intrinsic delights of the hop with the furtherance of the cause which appealed to their generous sympathies and sense of justice. --- Men and maidens, in Roman togas and Grecian gowns, swept the floors of the hotel, even to the small hours, at least to their own intense enjoyment, (except in the case of Judge Robert Monell of Greene, who sundered his heel cord for the sake of Grecian patriots), although it must be confessed that, had it depended on the unwitting Greeks to settle the deficit in Ball expenses versus receipts, they would have been mulcted in the sum of ten dollars.


He had kept
The whiteness of his soul, and thus men o'er him wept.
--- BYRON.



    When the village of Oxford had been settled for about twenty years, Samuel Ross, a graduate of Princeton College and a contemporary of Theodore FRELINGHUYSEN and N. S. PRIME, the father of Ireneus Prime of the New York Observer, came from the city of New York to make his future home with his wife, who was Margaret Shepard REVEL from the eastern shore of Virginia. His father, Andrew Ross, was a descendant of John Ross of Scotland, who was one of the first settlers of New Jersey. Samuel Ross and wife came here in the year 1815, and Mrs. Ross died the following year. Mr. Ross at one time resided on the Nathan PENDLETON farm, and also had a home on Clinton street. White at the latter place his ground extended to the top of the hill west of the street and running parallel with Columbia street. Upon this hill Mr. Ross located a private burying ground enclosed in brick walls and protected by a right of way to and from the same against future owners of the adjoining grounds. Several burials were made therein, but after the lapse of some seventy-five years, the only vestige of it now remaining is a headstone to the memory of Margaret Sephard Ross. Mr. and Mrs. Ross were among the first members of St. Paul's church, and at the celebration of the Holy Communion they were of the seven members who communicated. Mr. Ross was elected warden in 1816 and continued a warden or vestryman for several years. His associates at that time were Hon. John TRACY, Uri TRACY, James CLAPP, Simon G. THROOP, Jr., Stephen O. RUNYAN, Ransom RATHBONE and Erastus PERKINS. Mrs. Ross died at the home of Rev. Wm. B. LACEY and the subsequent marriage of Mr. Ross to Mrs. Maria STEPHENS is recorded. She was the widow of Alvan STEPHENS and the daughter of Robert RANDALL of Brookfield, Madison county. Mr. Stephens died in the first year of his marriage and thus she became a bride, a mother, and a widow in the one brief year of her marriage. In her marriage to Mr. Ross six children were born to them Samuel R., George, Margaret, Mary E. and Martha, twins; and Elizabeth Ann. All of whom have passed away except their eldest son, Samuel Randall Ross. Mary E., married Elijah JONES; died June 5, 1895, in Auburndale, Mass. Early in her married life she went to Paris and studied art, leaving her husband and infant child for a year or so. She became quite noted as an artist in oil. Elizabeth Ann died July 8, 1894, in Andover, Mass., married Rev. J. E. LATIMER, a Methodist minister, who afterwards became a professor in the Boston University; George went to Portsmouth, Ohio, and became a commercial traveler for his brother Samuel. He was drowned in Kentucky while attempting to ford Big Sandy river. Upon the marriage of their daughters, Mary and Elizabeth, Mr. and Mrs. Ross removed from Oxford to Elmira to enjoy their society, where he died in 1861. When the Rev. J. E. Latimer and wife removed to Boston, Mrs. Ross accompanied them and died there in 1875. They are buried in Elmira. Those who lived in Oxford in the early years of its history recalled his blameless life and integrity, and it was a great satisfaction to them to know that to the period of his death, his sunset of life was serene and happy, with the capacity to enjoy the society of friends and his favorite authors until his brief illness of a week which terminated his life. His death was that of the exultant Christian, and with looks of love and words of tender sympathy to those around him, it was evident that his eyes were turned rapturously to the bright shore which gleamed upon his dying vision from the other side of the dark river of death, and to the very last he spoke of the dear old Oxford friends, and he spoke of them with deep emotion.

    Samuel Randall Ross was born April 8, 1819, in this village. He was educated at Oxford Academy, and at the age of 24 located in Portsmouth, Ohio, where he has since resided. He engaged in the wholesale grocery business, which he continued until 1857, when he retired from business until 1861. He then entered the wholesale tobacco business in Cincinnati, under the firm name of KERCHEVAL & Ross, from which he retired in 1873.

    His wife was Miss Elizabeth KINNEY of Portsmouth, whom he married September 7, 1847. Mrs. Ross died October 28, 1897. The surviving children are: Miss Anna Ross, George Kinney Ross, of Portsmouth; Thomas Waller Ross, of Cleveland, O.

    Mr. Ross is the only remaining old time merchant of Portsmouth, and a strong church man, having been connected with the Episcopal church ever since he has lived in that city. His hospitality is well known and he has entertained more distinguished people than any other person in the place of his adoption. Mr. Ross has passed his 87th year, and enjoys excellent health and is in the possession of all his faculties. His society and companionship are much sought after and highly appreciated.


Whoe'er amidst the sons
Of reason, valour, liberty, and virtue,
Displays distinguish'd merit, is a noble
Of Nature's own creating.



    Henry Van Der Lyn, Esq., was born on the 24th day of April, 1784, at Kingston, N. Y. He was a son of Peter Van Der Lyn, a worthy and skillful surgeon during the Revolutionary war, and a nephew of John Van Der Lyn, who was considered in his day one of the world's most famous artists. After pursuing his studies in Kingston Academy, he entered Union college at the age of 16, graduating with honors of the valedictory in 1802, and soon thereafter commenced the study of law with the distinguished and able lawyer, Hon. Odgen EDWARDS in New York, in whose office he acquired those habits of close study and discrimination which distinguished him through life, and that knowledge of law which secured him an admission to the Bar in 1806.

    Mr. Van Der Lyn early in life formed the habit of daily writing in a journal commentaries on the works he read, making extracts and noting down the events of his life and of society around him. We make the following extracts:

    While at college I got a coat altered and made with a single row of buttons and buttonholes in front. This harmless freak caused the nickname of Count Ramford to be fixed on me, and which has followed to this day.

    At this time barbers were in the height of their usefulness and prosperity, when curling tongs and powder were applied to the head of every fashionable, and many torturing twinges have I endured during the tedious operations of head dressing.

    In the winter of 1806 I made a visit to Albany to consult some members of the legislature on the subject of my removal to the western part of the State but without effect. I called on Frederic A. De LONG, who was to remove in the spring to Jericho (Bainbridge), in Chenango county, for information about the best place of my settlement, and he mentioned Oxford about 15 miles from Jericho. I yielded to his advice and made my arrangements to bid a final adieu to my native place. In April, 1806, I went to New York to purchase the residue of my law library, which was small but large enough for me at that time. In the latter end of May I put my books, paper case and trunk on board a wagon, and accompanied by my Uncle Philip NEWKIRK, began my journey to Oxford, and separated from the friends of my youth, from my mother, brothers, and relatives in search of professional fame and the means of support. I was then in my 22d year and felt a sensation of apprehension and distrust in going among strangers to a distant place to commence the novel business of instructing others and managing their legal concerns. My Uncle Philip and I arrived at Oxford in the afternoon on Saturday. I was somewhat disappointed on my first view of the place, it was small with only two painted houses in it and the stumps in the adjoining fields showed that it was a young settlement. We lodged at the hotel of Erastus PERKINS. The next day was Sunday and the young people of the village assembled in the ball room of Mr. Perkin's to sing psalms. There was no church nor regular divine service in the village. I went to board with Major Dan THROOP, who had a number of boarders. Ransom RATHBONE, a merchant; Roswell RANDALL, a student in the office of Stephen O. RUNYAN; John KINSEY, an old bachelor; and two Miss BEPACs from Hudson, formed the group that daily assembled at the table of Major Dan.

    The last of January, 1815, Garry went out with Daniel PERRY in a sled to Kingston to remove mother to Oxford. Aunt Ann MASTER and Thomas G. NEWKIRK returned with him. Since this time I have been a housekeeper.

    Mr. Van Der Lyn, finding in the place of his settlement an institution of learning, gave early attention to its welfare, and was for many years its zealous friend, trustee, and supporter. He never wearied in doing well for that institution, and Oxford Academy owes to him and a few other early supporters much of its high standing and usefulness. He was also a liberal contributor to St. Paul's church, and interested himself in the circulation of a subscription to procure a suitable place of worship.

    Mr. Van Der Lyn died October 1, 1865, in the 82d year of his age, after a life of activity and labor of more than fifty-nine years, and amid scenes so changed, beholding the growth of a prosperous village and the country about him changed from a wilderness to bright fields.

    The term "Count" clung to him through life from his great suavity and gentlemanly manners. He was a confirmed bachelor, possessing many genial peculiarities of character, which rendered him a great favorite in the social reunions of the bench and bar during term time. Numerous legends are current of his tact and readiness in extricating himself from occasional faux pas, induced by his excessive courtliness and desire to render himself agreeable to those with whom at the time he happened to be conversing.

    The story is told that Mr. Van Der Lyn once owned a dog that robbed the meat market of a roast of beef and escaped. The proprietor reasoned that if he went to the owner and told him his dog had stolen the meat, that it would be denied so he adopted another plan. Entering the "Court's" office he told of the robbery committed and asked what he should do about it. He was advised to make out a bill and present it to the owner. The butcher promptly prepared the bill and found it amounted to five dollars, which he presented to the "Count," saying it was his dog that was the thief. "All right," was the reply, and the bill was paid. As the butcher was leaving the "Count" called and reminded him of a "strange coincidence." He said that five dollars was just the amount of his bill for advice. The butcher returned the five dollars he had just collected and retired without another word. He was rendered speechless.


CENSUS of 1825. --- Following is the census of the town in 1825, copied verbatim from the Oxford Gazette:

heads of families;
females; Total 2, 801.
subject to militia duty.
coloured persons not taxed.
    do           do           taxed.
    do       taxed and qualified to vote.
married females under 45 years of age.
unmarried females between 16 & 45.
    do         under 16 years of age.
marriages --- 62 male births --- 46 female births --- 24 male deaths --- 25 female deaths, within the past year.
acres of improved lands.
head of neat cattle.
yards of fulled cloth;
  do   of flannel; and
  do   of linen, manufactured within the past year.
          3 Grist-mills --- 14 Saw-mills --- 1 Oil-mill --- 3 Fulling-mills --- 3 Carding machines
             --- 1 Woolen factory --- 1 Trip hammer --- 3 Distilleries --- 3 Asheries.


       112 heads of Families --- 378 males --- 363 females. --- Total 741.

An honest man, close button'd to the chin,
Broadcloth without, and a warm heart within.



    Judge Austin Hyde, son of Benjamin Hyde, was born in Franklin, Conn., January 21, 1789, his father having been a soldier and afterwards a pensioner of the Revolution. He came to this village when it was comparatively new and was the second of six brothers and two sisters, all of whom settled in this State, and the eldest, Bela B., was the first collector appointed for the Erie canal at the present city of Rome. Uri TRACY then was county clerk and Mr. Hyde became his deputy. Soon thereafter the office was removed to Norwich, where he went and remained several years, but returned and became a member of the mercantile firm of MYGATT & Hyde, doing business at the old store now removed, which stood in the corner near the residence of Joseph E. PACKARD.

    Mr. Hyde was Supervisor of the town many years; twice a member of the State Legislature, in 1823 and 1833; the first collector appointed at this place for the Chenango canal in 1838; was soon after a judge of the Court of Common Pleas of the county; a trustee of Oxford Academy, and a long time its secretary and treasurer; a warden of St. Paul's church; appointed receiver to close up the affairs of the Chenango County Mutual Insurance Company, and discharged other important trusts, public and private. Mr. Hyde, on his return from Albany after the passage of the Chenango canal bill, was met by a delegation of townsmen, who had procured a boat, placed it on wheels, and in this he was escorted to his residence, which is now occupied by A. D. HARRINGTON. The town as illuminated and Mr. Hyde entertained a large company that evening. A severe thunderstorm came up and many were detained at the house till a late hour, and were finally carried home in a lumber wagon on account of the heavy downpour and condition of the streets.

    Mr. Hyde married in October, 1819, at New Milford, Conn., Elizabeth, a sister of Henry and William MYGATT, and died at his home in this village, now the residence of A. D. Harrington, February 25, 1850, leaving his widow, who died June 19, 1882, and four children, Caroline E., William H., Minerva H., who married Clark I. HAYES of Unadilla, Otsego county, and died January 9, 1904, and Mary E. The Misses Hyde are the last of the family, and still reside in Oxford.

    William H. Hyde, son of Austin and Elizabeth (MYGATT) Hyde, was born in this village September 4, 1826. His early education was obtained at Oxford Academy, where he prepared for Yale College, but not finding student life there to his liking withdrew and entered Hobart College at Geneva, N. Y., graduating in 1848. Returning home he taught in the Academy for several terms and read law with Henry R. Mygatt. Admitted to the bar in 1854, he was for a short time a partner of James W. GLOVER. In 1857 he represented Chenango county in the Legislature.

    June 16, 1859, Mr. Hyde married Miss Myra Bates GRAVES at Northampton, Mass., and soon after removed to Oconomowox, Wis., where he practiced law. On the breaking out of the Civil war, Mr. Hyde returned to Oxford, where he remained until his death, which occurred May 5, 1902.

    In 1865 Mr. Hyde was elected Special County Judge, serving three years, and was Supervisor of the town for four years. In the year 1857 he was elected a trustee of Oxford Academy, resigned that year, was re-elected in 1873, made vice-president of the board in 1878 and president in 1881, an office he held up to the uniting of the Academy with the Union school district. He was thoroughly conversant with the history of the institution, having prepared the historical address for the jubilee celebration in 1854. Mr. Hyde was a warm friend of the Academy, did a great deal for its advancement, and his pen was ever ready to perpetuate its long and brilliant career. For several years, previous to and during the Civil war, he did the editorial work on THE OXFORD TIMES. His work was that of a scholar and polished writer.

    Mr. Hyde was a communicant of St. Paul's church, having been confirmed May 23, 1848, by Bishop DeLANCY, and for many years a member of the vestry, and at his death a warden of the church. Mrs. Hyde and only child, Elizabeth Mygatt Hyde, are yet residents of Oxford.


The next best thing to being witty one's-self, is to be able to
quote another's wit.
--- BOVEE.

Practical Jokes.


    Among the practical jokers of the early days in the town's history were Ira and Luman McNEIL, honest and industrious men, but fond of a joke. Not far behind them were William MOORE, Lyman HUNNEWELL, Mark SHERWOOD, Noble BETTS, and several others. They were a jolly set and enjoyed fun no matter at whose expense. About 1820 their fame as practical jokers became widely known throughout the surrounding country, and frequently travelers who came to Oxford spoke of the fact, and then were quite apt to experience some of their pranks. An old citizen used to relate that when a resident of Cooperstown he strayed into this vicinity while hunting and came to the top of the east hill, looked down on the village, but dared not enter; having heard of the jokes played on unsuspecting strangers.

    One day a traveler stopping at the Stage house casually remarked to the landlord that he had heard of the sells and jokes that the villagers were noted for, and hinted that it would take a pretty smart man to get the start of him. At this one of the inmates left the barroom and the landlord replied evasively to the stranger's remarks. Soon after a man came rushing in and excitedly asked the landlord for his crowbar and chain, as "a huge turtle had got wedged in the flume over at the mill and stopped the wheel." The mill stood on the site of Harrington's block, and the unsuspecting traveler, now greatly excited, followed the man and tools over to see the wonderful sight, but was soon back with dripping clothes, as the jokers had succeeded in getting him completely submerged in the water. He acknowledged the sell, and tradition related that the receipts at the bar for the remainder of the day, owing to the liberality of the stranger, were very satisfactory to the landlord.

    The dull season in town was alleviated by the practical jokes perpetrated on country customers, who were sent to MYGATT's tannery to see the big eel caught in the river. Their curiosity was usually satisfied, for a plank was so arranged that the victim in attempting to look into a vat would fall in, and on extricating himself would usually swear vengeance on the perpetrator.

    Men who had music in their souls were sent to the Episcopal rectory to borrow the rector's fiddle or dum; and the patience of the Rev. Leverett BUSH was sorely tried in explaining to the numerous victims that it was meant for a practical joke, as he had no musical instruments of any kinds.

    Sometimes the jokes were returned by subjects who were not so green as they appeared to be. In those days there were what was called "tramping jours," journeymen seeking work. On a summer's morning there came to the Stage house an innocent looking young man, who intimated that he was a blacksmith looking for work, and in the course of the forenoon called at McNEIL's shop. He stated his business, and the shop hands, thinking him a good subject to practice upon, began plying him with questions, among others whether he thought he could weld four pieces of iron together at one heat. He was not so sure about that and thought it a little difficult. When the noon hour arrived they left him alone in the shop instead of inviting him to dinner, and on their return found he had left practical proof his skill as a blacksmith. He had taken two pairs of valuable tongs, placed their jaws into each other, welded them very firmly and departed to seek employment elsewhere.

    On another occasion a man was hired to tear down a fence in front of the residence of Jonathan BALDWIN, who then lived in a house on the premises now occupied by F. G. CLARKE, with a tumbledown fence surrounding it. William MOORE was the bartender in the hotel on the opposite corner, and one day he stepped out, leaving Lyman HUNNEWELL in the barroom alone. A stranger came in looking for a job, and taking him for the landlord inquired if he wanted to hire a man. Lyman, who was quick-witted, thought he would have some fun with the "deacon," replied that he did, and going to the door pointed to Mr. Baldwin's house, saying, "I am doing to tear that old house down and put up new buildings, and you may begin with the fence. An old crazy man lives, or stays, there who may object to your working, but pay no attention to him as he is of no account." Lyman then took the man into dinner, after which he gave him an ax, hammer, and a pan, charging him to save all the nails. The man went to work in earnest and soon had the fence knocked to pieces. Mr. Baldwin, hearing the noise, went out to see what it was about, and on his discovery of the destruction of his fence, rushed out and exclaimed: "What in the h--l and d--n are you tearing that down for?" The man paid no attention to him until Mr. Baldwin seized a handspike from the woodpile and threatened to spill his brains out; then he quit and went to the hotel, inquiring for the landlord. Moore told him he was out, but Lyman was upstairs with a few of his cronies looking out of a window enjoying the sport. The landlord did not return, and finally the bartender put on a sober face and told the stranger that the crazy old fellow was after a warrant for his arrest, and the stranger hurriedly left town, never to return.

    At another time the player of the joke had the tables turned on him. Bradford CHURCH, a brother-in-law of Luman McNEIL, who was noted as being quite dry in his jokes, but not so practical, was fatting a very large porker that became quite celebrated as the largest hog in the village. After it was killed one of the hams was hung in a smokehouse to make it the more palatable for table use. It was the town talk and the time for cutting the "big ham" was an event in the near future. When the time at last arrived Mr. Church went for the ham, but someone had been before him, and it was gone, creating considerable excitement, and all of the "west side" neighbors were very anxious to know what had become of it. Finally a search warrant was obtained, and Charles A. HUNT, the constable of twenty years service, employed to find the missing ham. A crowd soon gathered with all the habitual curiosity to see the outcome of the affair; but there was one among them who was becoming uncomfortable; he knew more about the ham than he wished he did, and matters were getting quite serious. Ira McNeill had removed the ham for a joke, and the question was how to get it back. After a while he saw the opportunity to edge away from the crowd, which were following the constable to search suspected premises, and getting the ham into a cornbasket attempted to return it unseen, but had scarcely reached the street when he was confronted by the officer and his solicitous followers. He stood convicted. The ham was found in the basket on his back; what better proof of guilt? The affair had become a little too serious for a joke and too ludicrous for a crime, and the quickest and most satisfactory way in which to end the matter was to adjourn the crowd to the tavern and liquidate the constable's fees, which owing, to his several deputies present, were not light.


Life is labour and death is rest.



    John Havens, a distiller by trade, came to Oxford as early as 1806. For a few months he found employment in a distillery in the village and then purchased and moved upon the land east of the village, which in the course of a few years he developed into a fine farm. He was the only child of his parents, and when but eight months old his mother died. His father was a patriot of 1776 and endured with others the hardships of Continental army life. Mr. Havens had very few advantages in early youth, and his first term in school was while in his eighteenth year. He always felt the lack of early schooling and gave his children the education which was denied him.

    Mr. Havens was born January 18, 1784, in Hinsdale, Columbia county, N. Y., and died June 10, 1862, in Oxford. He married November 9, 1806, Sally NEWCOMB, who was a school teacher in Oxford. She was born May 30, 1778, in Lebanon, Conn., and died December 5, 1858, in Oxford. They were the parents of eleven children, all born in Oxford, three of whom died in infancy. Those who grew to maturity were:

    GEORGE N., born October 16, 1809; died January 21, 1887, in Oxford; married February 21, 1836, in Oxford, Lucretia WILLOUGHBY, daughter of Bliss and Fanny (PATTON) Willoughby. Children: Ann Lee, married Peter J. CONOVER of Oxford; (adopted child, Lily Belle, married Walton BENNETT and resides in Columbus, O.). John K., born April 6, 1839, in Oxford; died March 3, 1887, in Guilford; married September 24, 1860, Julia A. BURTON of Oxford; (children, Minnie Lee, born in Oxford, married Edgar B. STANSELL of Syracuse, who died November 7, 1888; George B., born in Coventry, married Belle BURTON and resides in Guilford; Leroy N., born in Guilford, married Grace M. MURRAY and resides in Syracuse). Margaret, married William MANNING, deceased; (child, Fanny, married Rev. A. W. BURKE). Fanny, born in 1844, died in 1861, married Andrew BURTON; (child, Orrie, resides in Newark, N. J.).

    SALOME B., born June 13, 1811; died February 28, 1890; married December 27, 1840, Garner WADE. Children: Clarence, Harris, died in Illinois.

    BRADFORD, born September 24, 1815; died July 25, 1898, in Guilford; married Sally Ann HARRINGTON. Children: Leroy N., enlisted during Civil war in Co. A., 114th Regt. N. Y. S. V.; shot in temple and instantly killed at battle of Cedar Creek, October 19, 1864. Sarah C., married Cornelius WHITCOMB of Guilford.

    ABIGAIL, born June 7,1817; married December 15, 1836, Solomon C. MOWRY.

    THEODA, born May 23, 1819; died August 15, 1882, in Oxford; married October 7, 1846, Gilbert BOWERS, born February 12, 1820, in Scipio, Cayuga county, N. Y.; died December 15, 1886, in Oxford; enlisted during Civil war in Co. E, 89th N. Y. S. V. Children: Worthington N., married Lizzie WACKFORD. Luther E., married Cora COLLYER. Ann Marie, died in infancy. James E., born September 10, 1853; died January 14, 1876. Mary S., born June 15, 1856; died April 12, 1861. John H., died in infancy.

    MARY B., born April 24, 1821; died January 15, 1902, in Oxford; unmarried.

    MORILLA E., born August 10, 1823; died February 5, 1855, in Bainbridge; married Hiram DAVIS.

    CORNELIA R., born June 26, 1825; married James HARTWELL, who died October 23, 1884, in Oxford. Children: Sarah C., married Delos R. EELLS; (children, Mabel C., Marion A., married Clarence HITT; Juliette, married Chester BARTLE; Ruby C.). Morilla, married (1) George HOVEY; married (2) Hiram HOVEY; married (3) David B. GORDON; (children by first husband, Luella, married Homer PADGETT; Frank, married Bertha GILBERT; Ethel M., married Alvin STEAD of Guilford). Albert L., unmarried..

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